Starting next year, tyres will have new labels. The new rules adopted by the European Parliament will also cover tyres for heavy goods vehicles, which are not currently subject to labelling obligations.
From 1 May 2021, tyres will be more precisely marked. The new labels approved by MEPs this week will not only offer more information to consumers but also be more visible. This will allow for the selection of a more energy-efficient model. Importantly, the new label will also become mandatory for tyres for heavy goods vehicles, which are currently not covered by such a requirement.
Labels are to take into account parameters such as fuel efficiency, wet grip and noise so that buyers can choose tyres that are safer, more fuel-efficient and quieter. Tyres, mainly due to their rolling resistance, account for 20-30% of vehicle fuel consumption.
According to the European Parliament, the new system can help reduce CO2 emissions by up to 10 million tonnes per year.
Parameters and scales on labels
In accordance with the EU Regulation, in May 2021, the labels will include information on the impact of tyres on fuel consumption (rolling resistance) on a scale from A (lower consumption) to B, C, D to E (higher consumption). The current scale goes from A to G. Similarly, in terms of wet grip, tyres will be graded on a scale from A (more grip) to E (less grip) – the current scale goes from A to G. The indication of the average value of the external noise made by the tyre while driving will also be changed. Labels will also include symbols to indicate grip on snowy and icy roads and the label design will be updated.
The Regulation also provides for new parameters: mileage and abrasion of tyres, which will be introduced as soon as appropriate methods of measuring them become available.
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