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Trucks became more and more reliable and demand increased. In 1912, the monthly production in France reached 250 trucks, of which 60 percent provided Berliet. In this episode of the history of transport,  you will learn how a well-known brand producing thousands of trucks was born from a small workshop.

The dominant position of this company came from a trust in its cars. Marius Berliet built the first engine specifically for the truck in 1908. The most famous was the Z-type presented in 1912. The four-cylinder, long-stroke petrol unit, and the revs limiter had a massive crankshaft that no one had ever heard cracked or damaged. The 4.4-liter engine reached 22 hp, and the following year, after increasing the capacity to 5.3 liters, it achieved 25 hp at a relatively high 1,200 rpm.

Berliet CBA okazał się długowiecznym modelem, używanym do lat czterdziestych.
Berliet CBA okazał się długowiecznym modelem, używanym do lat czterdziestych.
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The engine was mounted in the famous 3.5-ton CBA trucks. By the end of 1931 the company built more than 40 thousand trucks. These were solid vehicles, with 4-speed gearboxes and power transmission to the rear wheels with chains.

Berliet became a tycoon

In 1896, Berliet started with a workshop of less than 25 sqm. It was the demand for trucks that made Berliet flourish into a company, which in 1913, had 11 hectares and employed 3 thousand people.

AEC and Leyland from the United Kingdom, Bussing from Germany, Autocar and Mack from the USA also specialized in commercial vehicles. The demand was so large that it allowed the specialist producers to remain on the market.

Autocar typ XXI z 1918 roku miał ramę ze stalowych ceowników wzmocnionych drewnianymi belkami, które – według producenta – pochłaniały drgania i spełniały funkcję amortyzatora.
Autocar typ XXI z 1918 roku miał ramę ze stalowych ceowników wzmocnionych drewnianymi belkami, które – według producenta – pochłaniały drgania i spełniały funkcję amortyzatora.
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Apart from the bigger players, there were many smaller ones. In contrast to the leading brands, they could not even afford to make their own engine. They supplied most of the components from specialized suppliers.

In the next episode of Transportation History in Trans.INFO: Why the trucks started being sold in installments?

Previous articles in the series:

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